Credible and reliable information on Road statistics In association with Road Users Alliance
Credible and reliable information on Road statistics In association with Road Users Alliance

Funding 2014

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Data in this section provides insight into the various ways road users contribute both towards central government and the economy. Additionally, this section provides data on government infrastructure investment.

2.1

UK Road User Spending and Government Expenditure
Year: 2011-2012
(£billions spending / revenue)

Taxes Collected from Road Users
Billions
Total Taxes£58.0
Fuel duty£26.9
VAT on Fuel£9.9
Vehicle Excise Duty£6.0
VAT on Car Sales£8.5
Company Car Tax£3.7
Insurance Premium Tax£2.9
GB Road User Value Added to the Economy
Billions
Total Road User Value Added to Economy£119.8
GB spending on cars registered for first time£36.6
Running and standing costs for all licensed cars
(excluding depreciation, capital costs, and fuel)
£52.8
Fuel costs for all vehicles (excluding duty and VAT)£30.4
Central Government Budget for Roads
Billions
Total Government Spending£7.7
Network Improvements£4.5
Maintenance£3.2

UK Road Spending vs. Road Revenue
Year: 2011-2012
(£billions spending / revenue)

2.1.2 UK Road Spending vs. Road Revenue 2011 - 2012

Source: UK PIA 2012, DVLA 2012, SMMT 2012, HMRC 2012, AA 2012, DFT 2012

Government spending on roads for 2009 – 2010 was £5.6 billion for network improvements and £4.0 billion for maintenance, with a total of £9.7 billion of government spending going towards roads. In the last two years this figure has declined to £7.7 billion in total, that’s £2 billion less in overall government road spending in one year. See Road Conditions and Maintenance per Authority for further information on road conditions and spending shortfalls, and Regional Highways Agency, Local Authority, and Per Capita Road Expenditure for historic road spending figures. Note, all car specific figures are for medium-sized passenger cars.

2.2.1

UK / EU Average Fuel Cost Breakdown
Year: 2012
(Average £)

EU Average

Fuel type
Average pump price / litre
Taxes & duty / litre
Fuel cost / litre
Tax % / litre
Petrol£1.22£0.65£0.5853%
Diesel£1.17£0.54£0.6346%

UK Average

Fuel type
Average pump price / litre
VAT pence / litre average
Duty pence / litre
Taxes & duty per litre
Fuel cost / litre
Tax % / litre
Petrol£1.3722.7357.95£0.81£0.5659%
Diesel£1.4323.8557.95£0.82£0.6157%

Source: House of Commons 2012

In the UK, VAT is charged on the total purchase price including fuel duty. VAT on both petrol and diesel is 20% as of 2012. EU taxes and duty vary by country in both terminology and rate.

2.2.2

UK Fuel Cost Breakdown
Year: 2012
(Average £)

Year
Fuel VAT
Fuel VAT revenue
Fuel duty pence / litre
Fuel duty revenue
VED revenue
VAT car sales
Insurance premium tax
All Road Use bpm
2009/1015.0%£6.956.19£26.2£5.715.0%£2.3444.81
2010/1117.5%£6.658.19£27.3£5.817.5%£2.4440.49
2011/1220.0%£9.957.95£26.9£6.020.0%£2.9439.19

Sources: UKPIA 2010 – 2012, UK House of Commons 2012, HMRC 2012, DVLA 2010 & 2012, SMMT 2012, DFT 2012

Total VAT revenue from fuel sales has increased substantially as duty has increased over the three years 2009 – 2012, and VAT has increased from 15% to 17.5 % in 2011, and then again to 20% as of 4 January 2012.  In 2010 / 2011, fuel VAT revenue was £6.6 billion, by 2011/12 it increased to £9.9 billion even though road use decreased over that time. VAT is charged on top of fuel and duty, see 2.2a for further details on fuel cost.

bpm refers to billion passenger miles.

 

 

 

2.3

UK Public Expenditure in National Road and Rail Infrastructure
Year: 2001 – 2011
(£millions)

2.2.1 UK Government Investment in Road and Rail 2001 - 2011

Source: DfT 2012, House of Commons 2011


Travel via Rail and Road
Year: 2011-2012
(billion passenger miles)

2.3.2 - Travel via Rail and Road

Source: DfT 2012, House of Commons 2011

bpm refers to billion passenger miles.

2.4

EU Pump Price Comparisons 2011-2012
Year: 2011-2012

Country / Region
Duty & VAT as % of unleaded
Duty & VAT as % of diesel
France56.548.3
Germany58.749.6
Italy54.247.1
Spain49.141.3
UK60.959.2
EU Ave65.054.0

Source: UK PIA 2011, House of Commons 2012

2.5

EU Unleaded Petrol Price / Tax
Year: 2011

2.3.1 EU Pump Prices - Petrol

Source: UK PIA 2011, House of Commons 2012

2.6

EU Diesel Price / Tax
Year: 2011

2.3.2 EU Pump Prices - Diesel

Source: UK PIA 2011, House of Commons 2012

2.7.1

Regional Highways Agency, Local Authority, and Per Capita Road Expenditure
Year: 2011-2012
(£millions / population)

Spending capacity
England
Scotland
Wales
GB total
Highways Agency capital£1,415£299£125£1,839
Highways Agency resource£1,109£150£109£1,368
Local Authority capital£2,065£368£194£2,628
Local Authority resource£1,338£358£164£1,860
Total£5,927£1,175£592£7,695
Population53,012,4565,295,0003,063,45661,370,912
Expenditure per capita in real terms£112£222£193£125

Source: DFT 2012, ONS 2011

Capital refers to network developments while resource refers to maintenance. All non-per Capita figures are in millions.

2.7.2

Road Spending Over Time, Highways Agency and Local Authorities
Year: 2005-2012
(£millions)

Spending capacity
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08
2008/09
2009/10
2010/11
2011/12
Total£7,440£8,040£8,076£8,821£9,783£8,973£7,695
Highways Agency capital£1,068£1,536£1,467£1,641£2,771£2,282£1,839
Highways Agency resource£1,608£1,741£1,768£1,934£1,615£1,440£1,368
Local authority capital£2,663£2,670£2,751£3,153£3,084£3,270£2,628
Local authority resource£2,101£2,093£2,090£2,093£2,313£1,981£1,860

Capital refers to network developments while resource refers to maintenance. Information on expenditure prior to 2005 is not available for this breakdown. Local authority spending includes England, Scotland, and Wales.

2.7.3

Road Spending Over Time, Highways Agency and Local Authorities
Year: 2005-2012
(£millions)

2.4.2 Road Spending Over Time, Highways Agency and Local Authorities Year 2005 - 2012

Source: DFT 2012


Total GB Road Expenditure
Year: 2005-2012
(£millions)

2.4.2-no2 Road Spending Over Time, Highways Agency and Local Authorities Year 2005 - 2012

Source: DFT 2012

Capital refers to network developments while resource refers to maintenance. Information on expenditure prior to 2005 is not available for this breakdown. Local authority spending includes

2.8

UK Current and Projected Road Maintenance Funding
Year: 2007-2015
(£millions)

2.4.3 UK Current and Projected Road Maintenance Funding

Source: Highways Maintenance Organisation 2012

2.9.1

Unfunded Road Projects 2010-2012
Year: 2010-2012
(£millions)

Unfunded schemes as of 2010
Reported cost 2010
(£millions)
Total72 Unfunded Projects (2012)
A1 Adderstone to Belford dualling£18
A1 Dishforth to Barton improvement scheme£315
A1 Morpeth to Felton dualling£103
A14 Ellington to Fen Ditton£1,065
A19 / A1067 Seaton Burn junction improvements£72
A19 Testos junction improvements£49
A19 / A1058 Coast Road junction improvement£140
A19 / A189 Moor Farm Junction£90
A21 Baldslow junction improvement£28
A21 Kippings Cross to Lamberhurst improvement£97
A21 Tonbridge to Pembury dualling£117
A27 Chichester improvement£85
A30 Carland Cross to Chiverton Cross£149
A303 Stonehenge improvement£534
A38 Derby junctions£168
A120 Braintree to Marks Tey£525
A21 South Pembury to Hastings route improvementsUnknown
A303 / A358 South Petherton to M5 Taunton£421
A417 Cowley to Brockworth bypass improvement£66
A47 Blofield to North Burlingham£26
A483 Pant to Llanymynech Bypass£60
A49 Hereford to Ross on Wye accident prevention schemeUnknown
A50 / A500 Queensway Interchange Bridges - remedial paint worksUnknown
A57 / A628 Mottram in Longdendale Hollingworth and Tintwistle Bypass£116
A585 Norcross junction improvement£2
A629 Cononley crossroads improvementUnknown
A63 Osgodby Bypass£6
A64 Rillington Bypass£8
A64 York to Scarborough proposed dualling£674
A66 Appleby to BroughUnknown
A66 dualling Bowes BypassUnknown
A66 dualling Cross Lanes to Greta BridgeUnknown
A66 dualling Stephen Bank to Carkin MoorUnknown
A66 Penrith to Temple SowerbyUnknown
A66 Temple Sowerby to ApplebyUnknown
A63 Castle Street improvement£151
M1 J34 North to J37 improvementUnknown
M1 J37 to J39 improvementUnknown
M1 J31 to J32 Northbound collector / distributorUnknown
M1 J32 to J34 South improvementUnknown
M1 J21 to J25 improvements£299
M11 and A120 Stansted Generation 2 airport access£140
M20 J10A£52
M4 J3-12 managed motorway scheme£725
M54 to M6 / M6 toll link road£205
M6 J13 to J19 managed motorwayUnknown
M60 J12 Eccles InterchangeUnknown
M62 J25 to J27 improvementUnknown
M62 J27 to J28 improvementUnknown
Additional capacity at Dartford£1,000
Waverley link road£10
Beverley integrated transport plan£37
Loughborough town centre transport scheme£17
A6182 White Rose Way improvement scheme£28
Crewe Green Link Southern section£30
A18 to A180 link£8
Bexhill to Hastings link road£115
A509 Isham Bypass£21
Watford Junction interchange£93
A43 Corby link road£45
A1056 Northern Gateway£13
Sunderland Central Route£25
A24 Ashington to Southwater£2
A164 Humber Bridge to Beverley improvements£13
Northern Road Bridge£21
Kingskerswell Bypass£110
South Bristol Link Phases 1 & 2£47
Lincoln Eastern Bypass£130
Stafford Western access improvements£39
A338 Bournemouth Spur Road maintenance£21
Evesham Bridge maintenance£14
A45 Westbound Bridge£13
A38(M) Tame Viaduct£31

Source: RAC Foundation 2011, Autumn Statement 2011 & 2012

For further information on committed road projects, see Committed Road Projects. All reported cost figures represent agreed cost for project completion between DFT and local authorities. Ninety-three unfunded projects were announced in 2010, as of the time of this publication, there remain 72 unfunded road projects from this original list.

2.9.2

Committed Road Projects
Year: 2010-2012
(£millions)

Unfunded schemes
as of 2010
Reported cost 2010
(£millions)
Funding announced
Funding
commitment DFT
(£millions)
Total93 Unfunded Projects in 201023 Committed Projects as of 2012£1.52 Billion towards previously unfunded projects
A30 Temple to Higher Carblake improvement£59Autumn Statement 2012£30.0
A45 / A46 Tollbar End improvement£116Autumn Statement 2011£110.0
A453 Widening (M1 Junction 24 to A52 Nottingham)£153Autumn Statement 2011£160.0
A5 to M1 Link (Dunstable Northern Bypass)£146Autumn Statement 2012£127.0
M1 Jct 19 improvement£213Autumn Statement 2011£150.0
M1 Jct 30 to Jct 31 improvementUnknownAutumn Statement 2011 (J28-31)Portion of £95.0 million towards pilot schemes
M25 J30 / A13 congestion relief scheme£500Autumn Statement 2012 (M25 J30 Only)£150.0
M3 J2-4a managed motorway£236Autumn Statement 2011£120.0
Autumn Statement 2012Portion of £95.0 million towards pilot schemes
M6 Junction 10A to 13 managed motorway£168Autumn Statement 2011£150.0
Autumn Statement 2012Portion of £95.0 million towards pilot schemes
A684 Bedale-Aiskew-Leeming Bar Bypass£34 / £42.1 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£35.9
Norwich Northern distributor road£127 / £111.1 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£86.5
Nottingham Ring Road£35 / £16.2 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£12.8
Weston Super Mare Package£14 / £5 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£10.4
Sunderland strategic corridor£99 / £117.6 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£82.6
Luton town centre transport scheme£27 / £23.9 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£15.9
Darlaston strategic development area scheme£30 / £25.9 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£14.3
Camborne-Pool-Redruth transport package£47 / £26.8 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£16.1
Worcester integrated transport strategy£46 / £19.6 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£14.2
Chester Road£17 / £10.5 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£8.3
Morpeth Northern Bypass£43 / £30.1 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011£21.1
Leeds Inner Ring Road£43 / £25 (2011)December Funding Announcement Transport Secretary 2011Exact DFT contribution still under review in light of LA contribution potential

Source: RAC Foundation 2011, Autumn Statement 2011 & 2012

For further information on as of yet uncommitted road projects, see Unfunded Road Projects. All reported cost figures represent agreed cost for project completion between DFT and local authorities. Twenty-five per cent of previously unfunded projects received funding between 2010 – 2012. There is still an estimated £10.8 billion deficit in road funding. Note, some committed schemes have only been partially funded. LA refers to local authorities.

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